Le professeur della Faille vient de publier une recension analytique d’un ouvrage portant sur Thorstein Veblen, un des pionniers de l’analyse transdisciplinaire en sciences sociales. À la fois sociologue, économiste, historien et politologue, l’auteur étasunien a contribué à l’émergence de la pensée critique.
Publié sur le très respecté site de La vie des idées (Collège de France), le texte du professeur della Faille profite de la récente publication du livre « Introduction à Thorstein Veblen » de Alice Le Goff (Paris Ouest-Nanterre) pour rappeler les grandes lignes de l’analyse institutionnelle de Thorstein Veblen. Il s’agit de comprendre comment cet auteur iconoclaste a contribué à la critique du capitalisme et du nationalisme.
In this article, the author calls for a sociological understanding of neoliberal discourses of development and underdevelopment. The author criticizes the idea that the utterance of discourse is different than other social practices and also warns against understanding discourses solely as acts of deception. Using a critical stance, the author shows how ideologies are giving shape to development projects and how social change is effectively conducted through acts of communication. The author proposes different ways to analyze various discourses of neoliberal development. Giving several examples from the literature, he shows how discourse analysts have examined many aspects of neoliberal discourses of development and social change. Amongst ways to understand discourses of development the author presents the following: studying ethnical and racial biases, examining discourses as storytelling, looking at their specific stylistic codes, understanding discourses as social interaction and how they produce concerted actions, seeing them as fluxes and containers of ideas, criticizing their justification of social hierarchy and their reinforcing of social domination. Also are presented elements of examining statistics, machines and artefacts as elements of neoliberal discourses. The author calls for more militant uses of discourse analysis. In conclusion, the author also raises some methodological, ethical and epistemological issues of the analysis of discourses.
Publication available at https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02046915/document
(with Valérie La France-Moreau)
This article proposes to reflect on how a field of technical expertise is affected and could possibly be transformed through South-South cooperation. This article and its conclusions are based on literature review and our own research. Our research on the production, the analysis and the dissemination of social development statistics (education, health and poverty alleviation) has been conducted in Western and North Africa as well as South East Asia and Central America. We interviewed public servants from government agencies, for international organisation, from non-governmental organizations as well as specialists from the academia. Our goal is to reflect on South-South cooperation as a possible tool for emancipation and criticism of the hegemony of “Northern” countries in international organization and knowledge production. By examining cooperative praxis in these areas we attempt to yield information on the strategies used to claim ownership of the assessment methods and knowledge pertaining to the ideological dimensions of development. We conclude by saying that current South-South cooperation in the field of social statistics is not fully able to challenge global statistics regime and its inherent ideological flaws.
Publication available at: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02046911/document