Discours à propos du rôle de l’expertise dans les processus de prise de décision en développement international

Mon nouvel article est maintenant disponible. L’article portant sur les discours portant sur l’expertise et les processus de prise de décision en développement international a été écrit avec Laurent Paradis-Charette et Valérie La France-Moreau, toutes-tous deux étudiante-étudiant à la maîtrise en développement international à l’Université du Québec en Outaouais.

Nous proposons dans cet article une réflexion critique sur l’insertion de l’expertise dans les processus de prise de décision en développement international à partir d’une revue de la littérature. Nous montrons que la plupart des réflexions à propos de l’expertise la placent en relation avec une tendance générale à la technicisation des prises de décisions ainsi qu’en relation avec une hiérarchisation des connaissances. Nous proposons une typologie de classification des différentes positions à l’égard de l’expertise, de son inscription institutionnelle, de sa participation à des processus décisionnels et de son rôle.

Mots clés : savoir-faire, acquisition des connaissances, prise de décision, coopération internationale

This article proposes a critical examination of the use of expertise in decision-making processes in the field of international development. Based on a literature review, we show that most writings place expertise in its relationship to a general tendency to emphasize decision-making as a technical issue and to put it in relation with a hierarchy of knowledge. We outline a classificatory typology of the various positions regarding expertise, its institutional inscription, its participation to decision-making, and its role.

Key words: expertise, knowledge acquisition, decision making, international cooperation

http://www.erudit.org/revue/ps/2016/v35/n2-3/1037016ar.html

Dimitri della Faille, Valérie La France-Moreau et Laurent Paradis-Charette (2016) « Discours à propos du rôle de l’expertise dans les processus de prise de décision en développement international », Politique et Sociétés, vol. 35, n. 2-3, pp. 215-237.

New publication « Reflections about the social determinants of art and design »

My newest article has now been published by Revista Kepes. The article is entitled « Reflections about the social determinants of art and design: noise music in Latin America and Asia ( Reflexiones sobre los determinantes sociales del arte y del diseño: Música de ruido en América Latina y Asia) ».

portada-kepes12_2015_mini

Available here: http://kepes.ucaldas.edu.co/index.php/ultimo-numero

Here is the abstract:

The paper is based on the author’s experience performing noise or experimental music in Latin America, East and South East Asia. In this paper, the author reflects on some social determinants of art and design. Dimensions such as technology, territory, identity, social characteristics and social acceptance are discussed. Additional topics such as class, gender, politics are covered. The author concludes that these do not shape the practice of noise music, they are also elements which provide frameworks on which artists and designer built.

Resumen en español.

Este artículo está basado en la experiencia del autor dando interpretaciones de música de ruido (noise music) o de experimentación en América Latina, Asia del Oriente y del Sur-Oriente. En el artículo, el autor reflexiona acerca de algunas determinaciones sociales del arte y del diseño como el territorio, la identidad, las características sociales y la aceptación social. Clase, género y política son otros temas discutidos. El autor concluye que la dichas dimensiones no dan forma a la música de ruido, ellas ofrecen un lienzo sobre el cual los artistas y diseñadores pueden construir.

Della Faille, D. (2015). « Reflections about the Social Determinants of Art and Design: Noise Music in Latin America and Asia », Revista Kepes, vol. 12, n. 12, pp. 57-84.

 

Overcoming the Sociological Problematization of Latin America

Overcoming the Sociological Problematization of Latin America

Dimitri della Faille

Piece published on September 15, 2015 at: http://www.panoramas.pitt.edu/content/overcoming-sociological-problematization-latin-america

More than ten years ago I started to reflect on how sociology is seizing Latin America as an object of study. My goal was to acquire more knowledge about sociology in and about Latin America. But, perhaps at least as importantly, my goal was also to understand how sociology is representing the region and how it is participating in its transformation. At a more conceptual level, I was interested in how sociology selects social problems and suggests social change. Ultimately, this is helping me forge opinions about knowledge and social sciences.

For many reasons, some of which are presented in this text, I think Latin America should be protected from sociological problematization or the process by which social phenomena are represented in terms of problems. Here, I would like to reflect on social science and society. This is not just a summary of my major findings. I am using this summary as an excuse to discuss on the problematization of Latin America. Let me start by briefly summarizing some of my research results and then by reflecting on problematization and the colonialism of knowledge. To do so, I will be attempting to answer the question “Should we protect Latin America against sociology?”

Sociological Representations of Latin America

I did my dissertation on United States sociology about Latin America between 1945 and 1970, in the context of the Cold War. I did my post-doctoral research on Mexican sociological literature published between the 1980’s and the first decade of the 2000’s. I conducted this research using various methodologies including interviews, analysis of historical documents and computer assisted text analysis. This work has resulted in around ten scientific articles published in English, Spanish and French; which some of the references are found here below.

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